Nouns or “naming words” are parts of speech. Look at the following:
- David was a great ruler.
- I have bought some pencils.
- This knife is sharp.
- Many people were climbing the stairs.
- We must speak the truth.
“David”, “ruler”, “pencils”, “knife”, “people”, “stairs”, “truth” are kinds of nouns.
Naming words or nouns perform some roles in a sentence:
A sentence may have a noun which is doing some work. Look at the following sentence:
- Anita ate an apple.
Here, the subject is “Anita”. “Anita” answers the question “Who ate an apple?”
A sentence may have an object to a verb.
- I threw a ball.
Here , “ball” is an object to the verb “threw.”
These objects can be either direct or indirect.
- Tom gave Rina a rose.
In this sentence, “Rina” is an indirect object and “rose” is a direct object.
As Subject Complement:
Sometimes a noun is a subject complement as in the following:
- John is a doctor.
The word “doctor” is a subject complement as it follows a linking verb “is” which is a form of a verb “to be.”
As Object Complement:
The noun may also work as an object complement. Have a look:
- The teacher made Tim the class monitor.
Here, “class monitor” is the object complement to “Tim” as it follows the verb “made” that means a naming, making or a creating word.
A noun that follows another is an appositive noun. As in the following:
My sister, Sarah, works as a banker.
Here “Sarah” is an appositive as it follows the noun “sister.”
Nouns can be used as a “describing word” or an adjective.
My nephew is a terror machine.
Here “terror machine” describes “my nephew” and is a noun.